List of SHS Programmes & Their Electives in Ghana

Ghana’s senior high school education system is a testament to the nation’s commitment to fostering academic excellence and preparing its youth for tertiary education and beyond.

The curriculum is meticulously designed to cater to a wide range of interests and aptitudes, ensuring that every student can find a path that resonates with their aspirations and strengths.

The senior high school phase is pivotal, bridging the gap between basic education and tertiary institutions. It’s during these formative years that students delve deeper into specific subjects, laying the groundwork for future specializations.


The curriculum is not just about academic rigor; it also emphasizes holistic development. This is evident from the inclusion of subjects like Physical Education, which ensures physical well-being, and Core ICT, which equips students with essential digital skills in this tech-driven age.

In the sections that follow, we will delve into the specifics of each program, shedding light on the subjects that fall under them and providing a clearer picture of what students can expect during their senior high school journey in Ghana.

Mandatory Core Subjects for All Students

  • English Language
  • Integrated Science
  • Social Studies
  • Core Mathematics

In addition, during their initial two academic years, students also study Core ICT and Physical Education, which are deemed essential subjects.

Detailed Breakdown of SHS Programs and Subjects


This program focuses on farming practices and principles:

  • Animal Husbandry
  • Crop Science
  • Agricultural Economics
  • Elective Mathematics


This program is tailored for students aiming for business-centric tertiary education. Subjects include:

  • Economics
  • Accounting
  • Business Management
  • Costing
  • Elective Mathematics
  • Elective ICT

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The General Arts program is a prevalent choice among Ghanaian senior high students. This program delves into:

  • Economics
  • Geography
  • History
  • Elective Mathematics
  • French
  • Literature-in-English
  • Christian Religious Studies
  • Ghanaian Language
  • Elective ICT


The General Science program adopts a methodical approach to understanding nature, encompassing:

  • Geography
  • Biology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Elective Mathematics
  • Elective ICT


This program emphasizes household and community well-being, covering:

  • Management in Living
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Economics
  • Clothing and Textiles


This program offers insights into engineering and design:

  • Woodwork
  • Metalwork
  • Electronics
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Building Construction


This program nurtures artistic talents in areas like:

  • General Knowledge in Art
  • Graphic Design
  • Textiles
  • Ceramics and Basketry
  • Elective Mathematics
  • Economics


Selecting the appropriate course in senior high school is pivotal, influencing a student’s future academic and career trajectories. Students should introspectively assess their passions and strengths, ensuring their chosen path aligns with their aspirations.

Parents play a crucial role in this phase, offering guidance and fostering open discussions about potential opportunities and challenges. Together, making an informed decision can set the stage for a fulfilling and successful journey ahead.

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