How Much do Poultry Feeds Cost in Ghana
Poultry feeding is a very important aspect of poultry farming in Ghana. The demand for poultry continue to rise in the country and it is very crucial four poultry farmers to ensure they provide high-quality and nutritious feed for their poultry to maintain healthy growth and productivity.
Poultry farming in Ghana is very popular and lucrative and it contributes highly to the country’s economy. Every good thing has a challenge and poultry farm business is no different. But it is highly up to you the farmer to know how to tackle your challenges and makes it positive for a good business.
You must overcome the challenge and adopt sustainable feeding practices that ensures your poultry receives balanced and nutritious feed while also reducing the cost of production. This can be achieved through various means such as sourcing for local feed ingredients, proper feed management, and feed formulation.
This article will be talking about the cost involved when it comes to poultry feed in Ghana, and factors that affect the feed of poultry farming in Ghana. We will also highlight on the types of poultry farming in Ghana.
Types of Poultry Feeds in Ghana
1. Chick Mash
Chick mash is a type of feed specifically designed for young chicks. It is usually fed to chicks from the first day of hatching up to six weeks. Chick mash is composed of finely ground grains and is high in protein, minerals, and vitamins. The feed is easy to digest and supports the growth and development of the chicks.
2. Grower Mash
Grower mash is a type of feed that is fed to birds from six weeks up to the point of lay. It is rich in protein, amino acids, and minerals, which are essential for the development of the birds’ muscles and bones. Grower mash is also designed to promote healthy feather growth and improve the bird’s immune system.
3. Layer Mash
Layer mash is a type of feed that is specifically designed for laying hens. It is rich in calcium, phosphorus, and other essential minerals that support egg production and promote strong eggshells. Layer mash is also high in protein, which supports the growth and development of the birds.
4. Broiler Mash
Broiler mash is a type of feed that is specifically designed for broiler birds. It is high in protein and energy, which supports the fast growth and development of the birds. Broiler mash is also rich in amino acids and minerals, which are essential for the development of strong muscles and bones.
5. Scratch Feed
Scratch feed is a type of feed that is usually a mixture of grains, such as corn and wheat. It is often used as a supplement to the main feed and can be fed to the birds in small amounts. Scratch feed is an excellent source of energy and helps to keep the birds active and healthy.
Grit is not a type of feed but is often added to the birds’ diet as a supplement. It is composed of small stones or pieces of gravel and helps to aid the birds’ digestion. Grit is particularly essential for birds that do not have access to free-range and foraging.
Cost of Poultry Feeds in Ghana
The cost of layers mash in Ghana ranges from GHS 170 to GHS 220 per 50kg bag. This feed is commonly used for laying chickens and contains a balanced diet of protein, carbohydrates, and minerals.
The cost of Broilers starter mash ranges between GHS 180 to GHS 210 per 50kg bag. This feed is commonly used for broilers.
The cost of Growers mash ranges between GHS 170 to GHS 220 per 50kg bag. This feed is commonly used for young birds.
The cost finisher mash ranges between GHS 170 to GHS 200 per 50kg bag. This feed is used for mature birds.
Challenges in Poultry Feeding in Ghana
1. High Cost of Feeds
High feed costs are attributed to the lack of local production and processing of raw materials for feed production. Most feed ingredients are imported, leading to high costs.
2. Inadequate Nutritional Requirements
Poultry require a balanced diet that is high in protein to support their growth and development. Inadequate feeding practices can lead to stunted growth, low egg production, and other health issues.
3. Poor Feed Quality
Poor quality feeds can lead to low productivity, increased mortality rates, and other health issues. Most farmers purchase feeds from unregulated sources, with no quality control measures in place.
4. Lack of Access to Information
Most farmers in Ghana lack access to information on best feeding practices, disease management, and other essential aspects of poultry production.
5. Disease Outbreaks
Disease outbreaks are a significant challenge in poultry farming, leading to significant losses in production and income. Poultry diseases can be caused by poor feeding practices, poor hygiene, and other factors.
Factors affecting the price of Poultry Feeding in Ghana
1. Availability of Raw Materials
Most of the raw materials used in making poultry feed, such as maize, soybean, and wheat, in Ghana are imported. Any changes in the global market prices of these commodities will affect the price of poultry feed in Ghana.
2. Exchange Rate
Most of the raw materials used in making poultry feed are imported, and their prices are quoted in foreign currencies. Any depreciation of the cedi against these currencies will increase the cost of importing these raw materials, leading to an increase in the price of poultry feed.
3. Transportation Cost
Most of the poultry feed mills are located in the urban areas, while the poultry farms are in the rural areas. Transporting poultry feed from the mills to the farms incurs additional cost, which is passed on to the farmers. The poor road network in some rural areas increases the transportation cost of the poultry feed.
4. Cost of Energy
Poultry feed mills require electricity to operate, and the cost of electricity in Ghana is relatively high compared to other countries in the region. The high cost of fuel used in transporting raw materials and finished feed products also contributes to the high cost of poultry feed.
When there is intense competition among manufacturers, the price of poultry feed tends to be lower, as each manufacturer tries to offer the lowest price to attract more customers. When there is a monopoly in the market, the price of poultry feed tends to be higher, as the manufacturer has no competition to worry about.
The price of poultry feeding in Ghana is affected by several factors such as the availability of raw materials, exchange rate, transportation cost, cost of energy, and competition. Poultry farmers in Ghana should be aware of these factors and try to find ways to minimize their impact on their businesses.